On the complexity of finding large odd induced subgraphs and odd colorings

14 mars 22

March 14 2022. Room A707 at 14:00

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Speaker: Remy Belmonte


We study the complexity of the problems of finding, given a graph $G$, a largest induced subgraph of $G$ with all degrees odd (called an odd subgraph), and the smallest number of odd subgraphs that partition $V(G)$. We call these parameters $mos(G)$ and $\Chi_{odd}(G)$, respectively. We prove that deciding whether $\Chi_ {odd}  (G) \leq q$ is polynomial-time solvable if $q \leq 2$, and NP-complete otherwise.

We provide algorithms in time $2^{O(rw)} \cdot n^{O(1)}$ and $2^{O(q \cdot rw)} \cdot n^{O(1)}$ to compute $mos(G)$ and to decide whether $\Chi_ {odd}(G) \leq q$ on $n$-vertex graphs of rank-width at most $rw$, respectively, and we prove that the dependency on rank-width is asymptotically optimal under the ETH. Finally, we give some tight bounds for these parameters on restricted graph classes or in relation to other parameters.

Joint work with Ignasi Sau.