Calendar

  • Kickoff meeting: September 27, 14:00
  • First term (mandatory courses): September 30 to December 20
    First term exams: week of January 6
  • Second term: January 13 to March 20
    Second term exams: week of March 23
  • PSL Master Course on Digital Humanities & AI: week of March 30 (optional)
  • Internship: 5 months between April and September
  • Retake exams for first term: during the month of April
  • Retake exams for second term: mid-August to mid-September
  • Deadline for thesis submission: September 6
  • Defences: week of September 21

Mandatory courses:

6 ECTS. The aim of this course is to provide the students with the fundamental concepts and tools for developing and analyzing machine learning algorithms. The course will introduce the theoretical foundations of machine learning, review the most successful algorithms with their theoretical guarantees, and discuss their application in real world problems. The covered topics are: -- Introduction to the different paradigms of ML and applications
  • Bayes rule, MLE, MAP
  • the fully bayesian setting
  • Computational learning theory
  • Empirical Risk Minimization
  • Universal consistency
  • ERM and ill-posed problems
  • biais-variance tradeoff
  • Regularization
  • PAC model and Sample complexity
  • MDL and Sample compression bounds
  • ...
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6 ECTS. This course will review the mathematical foundations for Machine Learning, as well as the underlying algorithmic methods and showcases some modern applications of a broad range of optimization techniques. Optimization is at the heart of most recent advances in machine learning. This includes of course most basic methods (linear regression, SVM and kernel methods). It is also the key for the recent explosion of deep learning which are state of the art approaches to solve supervised and unsupervised problems in imaging, vision and natural language processing. This course will review the mathematical foundations, the underlying algorithmic methods and ...
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6 ECTS. The first goal of the course is to enable students to acquire strong skills for the efficient querying of relational databases. The second goal of the course is to present foundations and advanced techniques supporting systems for semi-structured data processing. it is well known that in the context of data processing for IA applications, a large part of the effort is devoted to data preparation, a process that strongly depends on techniques and skills for formulating complex queries and tuning systems supporting their execution, in order to ensure reasonable query execution time. In a wide range of use ...
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4 ETCS. The course introduces techniques for representing and reasoning over knowledge information. 1. Reasoning about Belief, Knowledge, and Preferences - plausible and nonmonotonic reasoning - reasoning about belief and knowledge (single-and multiple-agent), belief change - case-based reasoning, analogical reasoning - preference languages, reasoning about preferences - reasoning and decision under uncertainty, graphical models 2. Reasoning about Action and Planning - reasoning about action, action languages for planning - algorithms for classical planning and hierarchical planning - planning under uncertainty - multi-agent planning - planning and search ...
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4 ECTS. The goal of this module is to provide students with a hands-on experience on a novel data-science/AI challenge using state-of-the-art tools and techniques discussed during other classes of this master. Students enrolled in this class will form groups and choose one topic among a list of proposed topics in the core areas of the master such as supervised or unsupervised learning, recommendation, game AI, distributed or parallel data-science, etc. The topics will generally consist in applying a well-established technique on a novel data-science challenge or in applying recent research results on a classical data-science challenge. Either way, each ...
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4 ECTS. Introduction to Deep Learning. Deep Learning enable to train neural network with many layers so as to address various difficult problems. Applications range from image to games. In this course we will present Stochastic Gradient Descent for deep neural networks using different architectures (convolutions, dense, recurrent, residual). We will use Keras/Tensorflow and/or Pytorch and apply them to games and optimization. References: Deep Learning avec TensorFlow - Mise en oeuvre et cas concrets – 22 novembre 2017 de Aurélien Géron, O’Reilly. Keras Documentation : https://keras.io/ Pytorch Documentation : https://pytorch.org/ ...
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Options:

Note: options are worth 3 ECTS. Students must take at least 6 options, that is, 18 ECTS.

Slides used during the meeting about optional courses are available here.

  • 3 ECTS
  • Langue du cours : Anglais
The main aim of this course is to give students a deep and solid understanding of the state of the art of Big Data systems and programming paradigms, and to enable them to devise and implement efficient algorithms for analysing massive data sets. The focus will be on paradigms based on distribution and shared-nothing parallelism, which are crucial to enable the implementation of algorithms that can be run on clusters of computers, scale as the size of input data increases, and can be safely executed even in the presence of system ...
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This research-oriented module will focus on advanced machine learning algorithms Probabilistic and Bayesian Machine Learning Bayesian linear regression Gaussian Processes (i.e. kernelized Bayesian linear regression) Approximate Bayesian Inference Latent Dirichlet Allocation Beyond the supervised/unsupervised learning problems Semi-supervised learning Density-gap based methods Manifold based methods Active learning Selective sampling Disagreement region coefficient Sparse models Advanced Deep learning Techniques Generative Learning Denoising auto-encoders Variational Auto-Encoders GANs Learning representations Word2vec, graph embeddings, … Randomized algorithms Random projections, LSH Primal methods for kernel classifiers (random kitchen sinks) ...
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This course will focus on the behavior of learning algorithms when several agents are competing against one another: specifically, what happens when an agent that follows an online learning algorithm interacts with another agent doing the same? The natural language to frame such questions is that of game theory, and the course will begin with a short introduction to the topic, such as normal form games (in particular zero-sum, potential, and stable games), solution concepts (such as dominated/rationalizable strategies, Nash, correlated and coarse equilibrium notions, ESS), and some extensions (Blackwell approachability). Subsequently, we will examine the long-term behavior of a ...
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Deep learning has achieved formidable results in the image analysis field in recent years, in many cases exceeding human performance. This success opens paths for new applications, entrepreneurship and research, while making the field very competitive. This course aims at providing the students with the theoretical and practical basis for understanding and using deep learning for image analysis applications. Program to be followed The course will be composed of lectures and practical sessions. Moreover, experts from industry will present practical applications of deep learning. Lectures will include: • Artificial neural networks, back-propagation algorithm • Convolutional neural network • Design and ...
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The course focuses on modern and statistical approaches to NLP. Natural language processing (NLP) is today present in some many applications because people communicate most everything in language : post on social media, web search, advertisement, emails and SMS, customer service exchange, language translation, etc. While NLP heavily relies on machine learning approaches and the use of large corpora, the peculiarities and diversity of language data imply dedicated models to efficiently process linguistic information and the underlying computational properties of natural languages. Moreover, NLP is a fast evolving domain, in which cutting-edge research can nowadays be introduced in large scale ...
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(description in French) Ce cours donne un panorama des concepts et techniques d'acquisition, de traitement et de visualisation des nuages de points 3D, et de leurs fondements mathématiques et algorithmiques. Le cours abord notamment les thème suivants : Systèmes de perception 3D Traitements et opérateurs Recalage Segmentation de nuages de points Reconstruction de courbes et surfaces Modélisation par primitives Rendu de nuages de points et maillages Certaines séances sont complétées d'un TP ...
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The course will be the occasion, for future data scientists, and for students in general, to question the benefits and risks of science. Data science is becoming a key technology in many sciences from hard sciences to humanities, as well as in industry from transportation to journalism. However, this technology may also have negative consequences when important decisions are taken based on biases in the data, or poorly-realized computations. As citizens, we want to get the advantages of data science, e.g., in medicine or law, but, for that, we don't want to abandon the values of our society, the freedom ...
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Introduction to Knowledge Graphs, Description Logics and Reasoning on Data. Knowledge graphs are a flexible tool to represent knowledge about the real world. After presenting some of the existing knowledge graphs (such as DBPedia, Wikidata or Yago) , we focus on their interaction with semantics, which is formalized through the use of so-called ontologies. We then present some central logical formalism used to express ontologies, such as Description Logics and Existential Rules. A large part of the course will be devoted to study the associated reasoning tasks, with a particular focus on querying a knowledge graph through an ontology. Both ...
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The objective of this course course is to give students an overview of the field of graph analytics. The objective of this course course is to give students an overview of the field of graph analytics . Since graphs form a complex and expressive data type, we need methods for representing graphs in databases, manipulating, querying, analyzing and mining them.Moreover, graph applications are very diverse and need specific algorithms. The course presents new ways to model, store, retrieve, mine and analyze graph-structured data and some examples of applications. Lab sessions are included allowing students to practice graph analytics: modeling a ...
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In this context, this course focuses on the typical, fundamental aspects that need to be dealt with in the design of machine learning algorithms that can be executed in a distributed fashion, typically on Hadoop clusters, in order to deal with big data sets, by taking into account scalability and robustness. So the course will first focus on a bunch of main-stream, sequential machine learning algorithms, by taking then into account the following crucial and complex aspects. The first one is the re-design of algorithms by relying on programming paradigms for distribution and parallelism based on map-reduce (e.g., Spark, Flink, ...
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The aim of this course is to give an overview of the problems, techniques and applications of computational social choice, a multidisciplinary topic at the crossing point of computer science (especially artificial intelligence, operations research, theoretical computer science, multi-agent systems, computational logic, web science) and economics. The course consists of the analysis of problems arising from the aggregation of preferences of a group of agents from a computational perspective. On the one hand, it is concerned with the application of techniques developed in computer science, such as complexity analysis or algorithm design, to the study of social choice mechanisms, such ...
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Introduction to Monte Carlo for computer games. Monte Carlo Search has revolutionized computer games. It works well with Deep Learning so as to create systems that have superhuman performances in games such as Go, Chess, Hex or Shogi. It is also appropriate to address difficult optimization problems. In this course we will present different Monte Carlo search algorithms such as UCT, GRAVE, Nested Monte Carlo and Playout Policy Adaptation. We will also see how to combine Monte Carlo Search and Deep Learning. The validation of the course is a project involving a game or an optimization problem. References Intelligence Artificielle ...
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This introductory course will provide the main methodological building blocks of reinforcement learning. Reinforcement Learning (RL) refers to situations where the learning algorithm operates in close-loop, simultaneously using past data to adjust its decisions and taking actions that will influence future observations. Algorithms based on RL concepts are now commonly used in programmatic marketing on the web, robotics or in computer game playing. All models for RL share a common concern that in order to attain one's long-term optimality goals, it is necessary to reach a proper balance between exploration (discovery of yet uncertain behaviors) and exploitation (focusing on the ...
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